16 January 2017 On the more accurate channel model and positioning based on time-of-arrival for visible light localization
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Abstract
This paper presents an improved propagation channel model for the visible light in indoor environments. We employ this model to derive an enhanced positioning algorithm using on the relation between the time-of-arrivals (TOAs) and the distances for two cases either by assuming known or unknown transmitter and receiver vertical distances. We propose two estimators, namely the maximum likelihood estimator and an estimator by employing the method of moments. To have an evaluation basis for these methods, we calculate the Cramer–Rao lower bound (CRLB) for the performance of the estimations. We show that the proposed model and estimations result in a superior performance in positioning when the transmitter and receiver are perfectly synchronized in comparison to the existing state-of-the-art counterparts. Moreover, the corresponding CRLB of the proposed model represents almost about 20 dB reduction in the localization error bound in comparison with the previous model for some practical scenarios.
© 2017 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Changeez Amini, Changeez Amini, Abbas Taherpour, Abbas Taherpour, Tamer Khattab, Tamer Khattab, Saeed Gazor, Saeed Gazor, } "On the more accurate channel model and positioning based on time-of-arrival for visible light localization," Optical Engineering 56(1), 016110 (16 January 2017). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.OE.56.1.016110 . Submission: Received: 11 October 2016; Accepted: 7 December 2016
Received: 11 October 2016; Accepted: 7 December 2016; Published: 16 January 2017
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