Laser triangulation and photometric stereo are commonly used three-dimensional (3-D) reconstruction methods, but they bear limitations in an underwater environment. One important reason is due to the refraction occurring at the interface (usually glass) of the underwater housing. The image formation process does not follow the commonly used pinhole camera model, and the image captured by the camera is a refracted projection of the object. We introduce a flat refraction model to describe the geometric relation between the refracted image and the real object. The model parameters were estimated in a calibration step with a standard chessboard. The proposed geometric relation is used for rebuilding underwater 3-D shapes in laser triangulation and photometric stereo. The experimental results indicate that our method can effectively correct the distortion in underwater 3-D reconstruction.