6 November 2017 Refractive laser triangulation and photometric stereo in underwater environment
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Laser triangulation and photometric stereo are commonly used three-dimensional (3-D) reconstruction methods, but they bear limitations in an underwater environment. One important reason is due to the refraction occurring at the interface (usually glass) of the underwater housing. The image formation process does not follow the commonly used pinhole camera model, and the image captured by the camera is a refracted projection of the object. We introduce a flat refraction model to describe the geometric relation between the refracted image and the real object. The model parameters were estimated in a calibration step with a standard chessboard. The proposed geometric relation is used for rebuilding underwater 3-D shapes in laser triangulation and photometric stereo. The experimental results indicate that our method can effectively correct the distortion in underwater 3-D reconstruction.
© 2017 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Hao Fan, Hao Fan, Lin Qi, Lin Qi, Yakun Ju, Yakun Ju, Junyu Dong, Junyu Dong, Hui Yu, Hui Yu, } "Refractive laser triangulation and photometric stereo in underwater environment," Optical Engineering 56(11), 113101 (6 November 2017). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.OE.56.11.113101 . Submission: Received: 13 June 2017; Accepted: 10 October 2017
Received: 13 June 2017; Accepted: 10 October 2017; Published: 6 November 2017


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