1 December 2017 Laser line scan underwater imaging by complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor camera
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This work employs the complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor (CMOS) camera to acquire images in a scanning manner for laser line scan (LLS) underwater imaging to alleviate backscatter impact of seawater. Two operating features of the CMOS camera, namely the region of interest (ROI) and rolling shutter, can be utilized to perform image scan without the difficulty of translating the receiver above the target as the traditional LLS imaging systems have. By the dynamically reconfigurable ROI of an industrial CMOS camera, we evenly divided the image into five subareas along the pixel rows and then scanned them by changing the ROI region automatically under the synchronous illumination by the fun beams of the lasers. Another scanning method was explored by the rolling shutter operation of the CMOS camera. The fun beam lasers were turned on/off to illuminate the narrow zones on the target in a good correspondence to the exposure lines during the rolling procedure of the camera’s electronic shutter. The frame synchronization between the image scan and the laser beam sweep may be achieved by either the strobe lighting output pulse or the external triggering pulse of the industrial camera. Comparison between the scanning and nonscanning images shows that contrast of the underwater image can be improved by our LLS imaging techniques, with higher stability and feasibility than the mechanically controlled scanning method.
© 2017 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Zhiyi He, Zhiyi He, Meixing Luo, Meixing Luo, Xiyu Song, Xiyu Song, Dundong Wang, Dundong Wang, Ning He, Ning He, } "Laser line scan underwater imaging by complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor camera," Optical Engineering 56(12), 123101 (1 December 2017). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.OE.56.12.123101 . Submission: Received: 11 July 2017; Accepted: 13 November 2017
Received: 11 July 2017; Accepted: 13 November 2017; Published: 1 December 2017


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