6 February 2017 Multipoint refractive index and temperature fiber optic sensor based on cascaded no core fiber-fiber Bragg grating structures
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Abstract
A multipoint fiber optic sensor based on two cascaded multimode interferometer (MMI) and fiber Bragg grating (FBG) structures is proposed and demonstrated for simultaneous measurement of refractive index (RI) and temperature. The MMI is fabricated by splicing a section of no-core fiber (NCF) with two single-mode fibers. The suitable NCF lengths of 19.1 and 38.8 mm are selected by simulations to achieve wavelength division multiplexing. The two MMIs are sensitive to RI and temperature with the maximal RI sensitivities of 429.42228 and 399.20718    nm / RIU in the range of 1.333 to 1.419 and the temperature sensitivities of 10.05 and 10.22    pm / ° C in the range of 26.4°C to 100°C, respectively. However, the FBGs are only sensitive to the latter with the sensitivities of 10.4 and 10.73    pm / ° C . Therefore, dual-parameter measurement is obtained and cross-sensitivity issue can be solved. The distance between the two sensing heads is up to 12 km, which demonstrates the feasibility of long-distance measurement. During measurement, there is no mutual interference to each sensing head. The experimental results show that the average errors of RI are 7.61 × 10 4    RIU and 6.81 × 10 4    RIU and the average errors of temperature are 0.017°C and 0.012°C, respectively. This sensor exhibits the advantages of high RI sensitivity, dual-parameter and long-distance measurement, low cost, and easy and repeatable fabrication.
© 2017 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Cheng Zhang, Cheng Zhang, Shan Xu, Shan Xu, Junfa Zhao, Junfa Zhao, Hongqiang Li, Hongqiang Li, Hua Bai, Hua Bai, Changyun Miao, Changyun Miao, } "Multipoint refractive index and temperature fiber optic sensor based on cascaded no core fiber-fiber Bragg grating structures," Optical Engineering 56(2), 027102 (6 February 2017). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.OE.56.2.027102 . Submission: Received: 24 October 2016; Accepted: 10 January 2017
Received: 24 October 2016; Accepted: 10 January 2017; Published: 6 February 2017
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