11 April 2017 All-fiber optical mode switching based on cascaded mode selective couplers for short-reach MDM networks
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Abstract
We propose and experimentally demonstrate an all-fiber optical mode switching structure supporting independent switching, exchanging, adding, and dropping functionalities in which each mode can be switched individually. The mode switching structure consists of cascaded mode selective couplers (MSCs) capable of exciting and selecting specific higher order modes in few-mode fibers with high efficiency and one multiport optical switch routing the independent spatial modes to their destinations. The data carried on three different spatial modes can be switched, exchanged, added, and dropped through this all-fiber structure. For this experimental demonstration, optical on-off-keying (OOK) signals at 10 - Gb / s carried on three spatial modes are successfully processed with open and clear eye diagrams. The mode switch exhibits power penalties of less than 3.1 dB after through operation, less than 2.7 dB after exchange operation, less than 2.8 dB after switching operation, and less than 1.6 dB after mode adding and dropping operations at the bit-error rate (BER) of 10 3 , while all three channels carried on three spatial modes are simultaneously routed. The proposed structure, compatible with current optical switching networks based on single-mode fibers, can potentially be used to expand the switching scalability in advanced and flexible short-reach mode-division multiplexing-based networks.
© 2017 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Fang Ren, Juhao Li, Zhongying Wu, Jinyi Yu, Qi Mo, Jianping Wang, Yongqi He, Zhangyuan Chen, Zhengbin Li, "All-fiber optical mode switching based on cascaded mode selective couplers for short-reach MDM networks," Optical Engineering 56(4), 046104 (11 April 2017). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.OE.56.4.046104 . Submission: Received: 23 December 2016; Accepted: 24 March 2017
Received: 23 December 2016; Accepted: 24 March 2017; Published: 11 April 2017
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