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22 August 2017 Experimental investigations on characterization of freeform wavefront using Shack–Hartmann sensor
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The metrology of freeform wavefront can be performed by the use of a noninterferometric method, such as a Shack–Hartmann sensor (SHS). Detailed experimental investigations employing an SHS as metrology head are presented. The scheme is of nonnull nature where small subapertures are measured using an SHS and stitched to give the full wavefront. For the assessment of complex misalignment errors during the spiral scanning, a library of residual slope errors has been created, which makes the alignment process fast converging for minimizing the scanning errors. A detailed analysis of the effects of slope and positioning error on reproducibility is presented. It is validated by null test where a null diffractive optical element has been used in a Mach–Zehnder configuration for compensating the freeform shape. A freeform optics is measured by both measurement schemes, and the results are in good agreement. Further, the nonnull-based scanning subaperture stitching scheme is also validated by performing measurements on an aspheric surface and compared with the measurements from the interferometric method (Zygo Verifire).
© 2017 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE) 0091-3286/2017/$25.00 © 2017 SPIE
Dali R. Burada, Kamal K. Pant, Mohamed Bichra, Gufran Sayeed Khan, Stefan Sinzinger, and Chandra Shakher "Experimental investigations on characterization of freeform wavefront using Shack–Hartmann sensor," Optical Engineering 56(8), 084107 (22 August 2017).
Received: 10 March 2017; Accepted: 25 July 2017; Published: 22 August 2017

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