3 January 2018 Optical planar waveguides in photo-thermal-refractive glasses fabricated by single- or double-energy carbon ion implantation
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Abstract
Ion implantation has demonstrated to be an efficient and reliable technique for the fabrication of optical waveguides in a diversity of transparent materials. Photo-thermal-refractive glass (PTR) is considered to be durable and stable holographic recording medium. Optical planar waveguide structures in the PTR glasses were formed, for the first time to our knowledge, by the C 3 + - ion implantation with single-energy (6.0 MeV) and double-energy ( 5.5 + 6.0    MeV ), respectively. The process of the carbon ion implantation was simulated by the stopping and range of ions in matter code. The morphologies of the waveguides were recorded by a microscope operating in transmission mode. The guided beam distributions of the waveguides were measured by the end-face coupling technique. Comparing with the single-energy implantation, the double-energy implantation improves the light confinement for the dark-mode spectrum. The guiding properties suggest that the carbon-implanted PTR glass waveguides have potential for the manufacture of photonic devices.
© 2018 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Yue Wang, Yue Wang, Xiao-Liang Shen, Xiao-Liang Shen, Rui-Lin Zheng, Rui-Lin Zheng, Hai-Tao Guo, Hai-Tao Guo, Peng Lv, Peng Lv, Chun-Xiao Liu, Chun-Xiao Liu, } "Optical planar waveguides in photo-thermal-refractive glasses fabricated by single- or double-energy carbon ion implantation," Optical Engineering 57(1), 017103 (3 January 2018). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.OE.57.1.017103 . Submission: Received: 18 September 2017; Accepted: 13 December 2017
Received: 18 September 2017; Accepted: 13 December 2017; Published: 3 January 2018
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