12 February 2018 Conduction-driven cooling of LED-based automotive LED lighting systems for abating local hot spots
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Abstract
Light-emitting diode (LED)-based automotive lighting systems pose unique challenges, such as dual-side packaging (front side for LEDs and back side for driver electronics circuit), size, harsh ambient, and cooling. Packaging for automotive lighting applications combining the advanced printed circuit board (PCB) technology with a multifunctional LED-based board is investigated with a focus on the effect of thermal conduction-based cooling for hot spot abatement. A baseline study with a flame retardant 4 technology, commonly known as FR4 PCB, is first compared with a metal-core PCB technology, both experimentally and computationally. The double-sided advanced PCB that houses both electronics and LEDs is then investigated computationally and experimentally compared with the baseline FR4 PCB. Computational models are first developed with a commercial computational fluid dynamics software and are followed by an advanced PCB technology based on embedded heat pipes, which is computationally and experimentally studied. Then, attention is turned to studying different heat pipe orientations and heat pipe placements on the board. Results show that conventional FR4-based light engines experience local hot spots ( Δ T > 50 ° C ) while advanced PCB technology based on heat pipes and thermal spreaders eliminates these local hot spots ( Δ T < 10 ° C ), leading to a higher lumen extraction with improved reliability. Finally, possible design options are presented with embedded heat pipe structures that further improve the PCB performance.
© 2018 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Ferina Saati, Mehmet Arik, "Conduction-driven cooling of LED-based automotive LED lighting systems for abating local hot spots," Optical Engineering 57(2), 025102 (12 February 2018). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.OE.57.2.025102 . Submission: Received: 8 November 2017; Accepted: 10 January 2018
Received: 8 November 2017; Accepted: 10 January 2018; Published: 12 February 2018
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