20 April 2018 Understanding and improving optical coherence tomography imaging depth in selective laser sintering nylon 12 parts and powder
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Abstract
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has shown promise as a process sensor in selective laser sintering (SLS) due to its ability to yield depth-resolved data not attainable with conventional sensors. However, OCT images of nylon 12 powder and nylon 12 components fabricated via SLS contain artifacts that have not been previously investigated in the literature. A better understanding of light interactions with SLS powder and components is foundational for further research expanding the utility of OCT imaging in SLS and other additive manufacturing (AM) sensing applications. Specifically, in this work, nylon powder and sintered parts were imaged in air and in an index matching liquid. Subsequent image analysis revealed the cause of “signal-tail” OCT image artifacts to be a combination of both inter and intraparticle multiple-scattering and reflections. Then, the OCT imaging depth of nylon 12 powder and the contrast-to-noise ratio of a sintered part were improved through the use of an index matching liquid. Finally, polymer crystals were identified as the main source of intraparticle scattering in nylon 12 powder. Implications of these results on future research utilizing OCT in SLS are also given.
© 2018 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Adam D. Lewis, Nitesh Katta, Austin B. McElroy, Thomas E. Milner, Scott Fish, Joseph J. Beaman, "Understanding and improving optical coherence tomography imaging depth in selective laser sintering nylon 12 parts and powder," Optical Engineering 57(4), 041414 (20 April 2018). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.OE.57.4.041414 Submission: Received 5 October 2017; Accepted 29 March 2018
Submission: Received 5 October 2017; Accepted 29 March 2018
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