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26 March 2019 Multiple access technique in a high-speed free-space optical communication link: independent component analysis
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Increasing usage and higher demand for wireless traffic are causing a critical need for increased bandwidth and capacity communication networks. Accordingly, multipoint free-space optical communication (FSOC) links are beginning to draw significant attention as a valuable and promising solution for satisfying new network requirements. Extensive interest has focused on investigating and developing hardware design solutions to perform multiuser FSOC. However, to meet the low size, weight, and power needs of this technology, we propose using a robust and solid signal-processing method, namely independent component analysis (ICA), to implement an optical multiple access technique. A high-speed, multipoint free space optical system composed of two independent users and two receiving sensors is introduced. FastICA and joint approximate diagonalization of eigenmatrices algorithms are exploited for multiuser detection, and extensive analysis of power ratio, data rate difference, computational complexity, achievable system capacity, turbulence generation accuracy, and turbulence severity effects on signal reconstruction is performed. Experimental results demonstrate that ICA provides suitable source separation for all tested configurations. Additionally, transmission parameters that maximize signal reconstruction performances were identified.
© 2019 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE) 0091-3286/2019/$25.00 © 2019 SPIE
Federica Aveta, Hazem H. Refai, and Peter G. LoPresti "Multiple access technique in a high-speed free-space optical communication link: independent component analysis," Optical Engineering 58(3), 036111 (26 March 2019).
Received: 24 October 2018; Accepted: 11 March 2019; Published: 26 March 2019

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