A chloride ion sensor based on a multitaper modulated fiber fabricated via arc discharge is proposed and studied experimentally and theoretically. The sensing unit consists of four periodic tapers with a diameter of 28.24 μm, a period of 676 μm, and a total length of 2.7 mm. The results show that the concentration sensitivity values are 170 pm/(g/L) at a wavelength of 1303.60 nm and 220 pm/(g/L) at a wavelength of 1389.84 nm when the chloride ion concentration is increased from 0 to 40 g/L. The proposed sensor is characterized by a simple manufacturing process, a compact structure, and a low cost, and this sensing unit has great potential for application in marine chloride detection and environmental safety monitoring, especially for monitoring building corrosion and water pollution.
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