The quantification of remote sensing information requires spectral radiometric calibration technology support with high accuracy, and this technology can ensure the comparability, accuracy, and long-term stability of data acquisition for sensor. Now, the calibration technique traced to the absolute cryogenic radiometer (ACR) is the trend of development. To improve the accuracy of infrared absolute spectral responsivity, a gold-plated hemisphere reflector is added to a thermopile detector with electrical substitution pins. So an infrared electrical substitution radiometer (ESR) is developed as the standard transfer detector. The spectral response linearity, uniformity, and stability of ESR are tested by electric substitution technology. We also have established a radiometric calibration system based on ACR. The combined uncertainty in the spectral responsivity of this detector from 0.7 to 20 μm is about 0.99%. The application of infrared ESR to radiometric calibration can improve the calibration accuracy of detectors through its shorter calibration chain.
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