In wireless laser communication, the effects of atmospheric turbulence cause laser spots to appear as irregular speckles in the far-field plane, which may make automatic acquisition, pointing, and tracking systems unable to locate a spot position. We propose an innovative and precise anti-interference, spot-detection algorithm for far-field irregular speckles based on the intensity characteristics of the far-field spots. Before obtaining the spot center coordinates through two-dimensional vector space circle fitting, the proposed algorithm employs computer graphics combined with mathematical morphology to fill the connected domains and extracts light-spot edges using the Canny operator, thus resulting in an accurate detection of far-field spots. The algorithm validation, using an automated experimental platform (atmospheric turbulent refractive-index structure parameter is 10 − 15 m − 2/3), yields a detection threshold accuracy of 30 to 32 pixels (each pixel represents 3 μrad) for 10.2 km far-field spot images. The corresponding deviation satisfies the two-dimensional aiming platform for a minimum step distance of 17.45 μrad, verifying the feasibility and effectiveness of the algorithm.
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