Due to the thermal-induced stress during the bonding process, the emitters in a laser diode array (LDA) are vertically displaced, which causes the near-field bowing of a laser diode bar (i.e., the SMILE effect). Near-field bowing degrades the laser beam brightness, adversely affecting optical coupling and beam shaping, resulting in a larger divergence angle and a wider line after focusing and collimation. The mechanism of near-field bowing has been theoretically studied, in which the ratio of tensile strength between submount and heat sink has a great effect on the deformation of LDAs. Arm-wrestling between CuW submount and heat sink vividly describes that the deformation of LDAs changes as a function of the ratio of two materials’ tensile strength. We design a symmetrical structure that bonds another submount on the bottom of the heat sink to control the SMILE effect by balancing the acting force from the top of the heat sink. The deformation of the heat sink and LDAs are approximately zero when the thermal-induced stresses forced on the top and bottom of the heat sink are equal.
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