A photonic-assisted image rejection mixer is proposed based on Hilbert transform in the optical domain using a phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating (PS-FBG). The image signal and the desired RF signal are converted to the optical domain by carrier-suppressed single-sideband modulation, which is then split into two parts. One part is Hilbert transformed by a specially designed PS-FBG and a 90-deg optical phase shifter and then combined with the other part to directly reject the image signal in the optical domain. The image-free optical signal is downconverted to an intermediate frequency signal by combining it with an optical local oscillator signal and then detecting them in a photodetector. The image rejection capability of the system is analyzed, and an image rejection ratio of 68.0 or 58.6 dB is achieved when the bandwidth of the image signal is 20 or 60 MHz, respectively, while having an acceptable influence on the desired RF signal. Quadrature phase-shift keying (QPSK) signals, 8 phase-shift keying (8PSK) signals, and 16 quadrature amplitude modulation (16-QAM) signals are used to evaluate the image rejection performance. When the bandwidth of the image signal is 18.75 MHz, the error vector magnitudes of the downconverted QPSK, 8PSK, and 16-QAM signals with the same power, modulation format, and bandwidth are 2.5%, 2.5%, and 2.6%, respectively.
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