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27 May 2021 Neural network-based approach for estimation of downwelling longwave radiation flux under cloudy-sky conditions
Dhwanilnath Gharekhan, Bimal K. Bhattacharya, Devansh Desai, Parul R. Patel
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Abstract

Net surface radiation defines the availability of radiation energy on and near the surface to drive many physical and physiological processes such as latent heat, sensible heat fluxes, and evapotranspiration. One of the prime challenges of modeling radiation budget is estimation of net longwave radiation. Incoming or downwelling longwave radiation (LWin) flux is one of the two key components of net longwave radiation. Its estimation in cloudy conditions has always been a challenge due to lack of instrumentation and regular measurements at different spatial scales. In this study, two artificial neural network (ANN) multi-layer perceptron (MLP) models were developed for LWin flux estimation under cloudy-sky during daytime and nighttime using half-hourly flux measurements over different agro-climatic settings and several atmospheric parameters from measurements, satellite-based observations, and model outputs. A comparative evaluation was made between existing or newly developed multivariate linear regression (MVR) models and ANN-based models. The latter set of models were found to be superior to the best MVR model during both daytime and nighttime. The ANN models were found to have consistent performance across different sites and cloud types except less accuracy in sub-humid or humid climate and in deep convection cloud. The ANN models showed overall accuracies of 2.7% and 3.3% of measured mean and R2 of 0.86 and 0.85 for daytime and nighttime, respectively, when compared with independent data of in-situ measurements.

© 2021 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE) 1931-3195/2021/$28.00 © 2021 SPIE
Dhwanilnath Gharekhan, Bimal K. Bhattacharya, Devansh Desai, and Parul R. Patel "Neural network-based approach for estimation of downwelling longwave radiation flux under cloudy-sky conditions," Journal of Applied Remote Sensing 15(2), 024515 (27 May 2021). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JRS.15.024515
Received: 21 December 2020; Accepted: 13 May 2021; Published: 27 May 2021
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Cited by 2 scholarly publications.
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KEYWORDS
Clouds

Atmospheric modeling

Neural networks

Performance modeling

Commercial off the shelf technology

Solar radiation models

Data modeling

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