29 December 2022 Ground target classification using mmWave radar with bidirectional long short-term memory networks
Oytun Gunes, Mert Ege, Ömer Morgül
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We propose an approach for millimeter wave radar targets classification based on the concatenated spectrogram and range-Doppler features. A publicly available dataset that contains raw single radar data for fast- and slow-walking people is utilized. First, the received channels are summed to obtain a higher signal-to-noise ratio. Next, range-Doppler and spectrogram plots are obtained after the two-dimensional fast Fourier transform of raw radar signals. Then the spectrogram dataset is normalized and augmented using a mixup algorithm and fed into the proposed encoder and decoder structures sequentially for the classification task. In addition to the bidirectional long short-term memory layer, dropout and batch normalization layers are added for regularization in the proposed network. Parameter optimization is done for each network for a certain number of parameters. Finally, the results show that with the proposed approach, a 0.961 mean F1 score is obtained, and it outperformed some state-of-the-art methods, such as convolutional neural networks (CNNs) and hybrid CNNs–long short-term memory networks. An ablation study of the proposed method is also presented.

© 2022 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Oytun Gunes, Mert Ege, and Ömer Morgül "Ground target classification using mmWave radar with bidirectional long short-term memory networks," Journal of Applied Remote Sensing 16(4), 044527 (29 December 2022). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JRS.16.044527
Received: 28 June 2022; Accepted: 19 December 2022; Published: 29 December 2022
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Cited by 2 scholarly publications.
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Doppler effect

Education and training

Radar signal processing

Batch normalization


Fourier transforms

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