A plasmonic structure, constituted by metal insulator metal waveguides and split annular cavity connected with rectangular resonator (SACRR), is proposed and investigated. Numerical simulation by the finite element method (FEM) has been done to investigate the transmittance properties of the proposed structure and four Fano resonances arise in the results. To analyze and verify the simulation results, multimode interference coupled mode theory is engaged, theoretically. In addition, the structural parameters are analyzed and discussed to design and control the proposed structure, which shows sufficient flexibility. Due to multi-Fano resonances providing multiple monitoring points and the extremely sharp asymmetry of Fano resonance, the structure can service as a high-performance multichannel refractive index nanosensor with a sensitivity of 1000 nm/RIU and maximum figure of merit of 1.358 × 105. The designed structure can surely meet extensive applications for nanoscale devices and integrated optical devices.
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