Filtering of the sub-band spectral radiation is an attractive technique to overcome the lower efficiencies of direct conversion thermophotovoltaic technology. The poor performance of these systems is due to the relatively small portion of the incident energy being above the bandgap of photovoltaic cell. To effectively filter the majority of the sub-bandgap radiation and re-employ it as regenerative heat, a viable solution is to design an efficient spectrally selective filter ideally matched to the photovoltaic cell’s bandgap. Here, we have explored a high contrast amorphous silicon grating on a quartz substrate. Quartz due to its inherent nature inhibits transmission of sub-band gap radiation in the infrared (IR) region (>4.75 μm), whereas gratings further filter radiation above 1.8 μm suitable for GaSb photovoltaic cell. The optimized filter is fabricated using direct write laser lithography, and optical characterization result shows that 72% of incident radiation in unconvertible region (>1.80 μm) is filtered and recycled. Further, the thermal characterization results of IR filter carried out using a ceramic heater has shown the drop in effective temperature from 1074.9 to 813.2 K in above bandgap region. This suppressed radiation has contributed to an absolute increase in source body temperature by 16.0 K resulting in increase in the above bandgap radiation available for thermophotovoltaic conversion. The proposed spectral filtering design can be tailored to solar cells of any bandgap and is scalable for employment in various thermophotovoltaic applications.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither SPIE nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the SPIE website.