Breakthroughs in Photonics and Energy
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 050997 (12 October 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.050997
TOPICS: Solar cells, Solar energy, Photonics, Organic light emitting diodes, Semiconductors, Electrons, Light emitting diodes, Silicon, Photons, Thin films
Special Section on Solid-State Lighting: Photonics and Technologies
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 050998 (13 August 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.050998
TOPICS: Excitons, Organic light emitting diodes, Molecules, External quantum efficiency, Energy transfer, Electrons, Luminescence, Light emitting diodes, Lutetium, Interfaces
Breakthroughs in Photonics and Energy
Brian Simonds, Helen Meadows, Sudhajit Misra, Christos Ferekides, Phillip Dale, Michael Scarpulla
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 050999 (19 January 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.050999
TOPICS: Annealing, Laser processing, Thin films, Photovoltaics, Selenium, Thin film solar cells, Crystals, Chalcogenides, Solar cells, Pulsed laser operation
Materials and Device Modeling and Simulation
Yuxun Ren, Dengwei Jing
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 052097 (25 November 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.052097
TOPICS: Particles, Photons, Liquids, Absorption, Magnetism, Monte Carlo methods, Light scattering, Photon transport, Scattering, Computer simulations
Juan Carlos Quiroz-Sánchez, Víctor Cabrera-Arenas, Carlos Villa-Angulo
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 052098 (9 October 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.052098
TOPICS: Excitons, Active optics, Organic photovoltaics, Polymers, Solar energy, Metals, Interfaces, Photovoltaics, Electrodes, Oxides
Ravi Hegde, Hong-Son Chu, Kiansoo Ong, Lakshmi Kanta Bera, Ching Eng Png
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 052099 (12 June 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.052099
TOPICS: Solar concentrators, Prisms, Waveguides, Channel waveguides, Absorption, Interfaces, Energy efficiency, Solar cells, Microlens array, Refractive index
Photovoltaic Materials, Devices, and Technologies
Peter Hacke, Kent Terwilliger, Stephen Glick, Greg Perrin, John Wohlgemuth, Sarah Kurtz, Keith Showalter, John Sherwin, Eric Schneller, Stephen Barkaszi, Ryan Smith
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 053083 (17 December 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.053083
TOPICS: Copper indium gallium selenide, Thin films, Corrosion, Transparent conductors, Resistance, Humidity, Glasses, Sodium, Environmental sensing, Electroluminescence
Jeff Secor, Veeshan Narinesingh, Teresa Bandosz, Robert Alfano, Mykola Seredych, Dimitrios Giannakoudakis
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 053084 (10 December 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.053084
TOPICS: Composites, Zinc, Zinc oxide, Energy transfer, Time resolved spectroscopy, Oxides, Absorption, Solar energy, Ultrafast phenomena, Picosecond phenomena
Adaikalam Kathalingam, Hyun-Seok Kim, Hyung-Moo Park, Santiyagu Valanarasu, Thaiyan Mahalingam
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 053085 (9 December 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.053085
TOPICS: Nanowires, Nanorods, Zinc oxide, Indium, Heterojunctions, Ultraviolet radiation, Photovoltaics, Solar cells, Silicon, Visible radiation
David Munoz-Martin, Yu Chen, Miguel Morales, Juan José García-Ballesteros, Julio Cárabe, José Javier Gandía, José Domingo Santos, Maria Losurdo, Giovanni Bruno, Carlos Molpeceres
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 053086 (24 November 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.053086
TOPICS: Crystals, Laser crystals, Amorphous silicon, Continuous wave operation, Photonic crystals, Raman spectroscopy, Crystallography, Silicon, Pulsed laser operation, Semiconductor lasers
Alexandre Walker, Oliver Höhn, Daniel Micha, Lukas Wagner, Henning Helmers, Andreas Bett, Frank Dimroth
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 053087 (21 September 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.053087
TOPICS: Gallium arsenide, Luminescence, Solar cells, Mirrors, Electrons, Reflectivity, Instrument modeling, Silver, Absorption, Photovoltaics
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 053088 (5 August 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.053088
TOPICS: Zinc oxide, Dye sensitized solar cells, Nanocomposites, Electrons, Nanocrystals, Solar cells, Nanoparticles, Transparent conductors, Titanium, Nanorods
Sherard K. Lightbourne, Habtom Gobeze, Navaneetha Subbaiyan, Francis D’Souza
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 053089 (13 July 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.053089
TOPICS: Electrodes, Transparent conductors, Solar cells, Resistance, Femtosecond phenomena, Absorption, Solar energy, Quantum efficiency, Dye sensitized solar cells, Luminescence
Turkan Gamze Ulusoy, Bihter Daglar, Adem Yildirim, Amir Ghobadi, Mehmet Bayindir, Ali Okyay
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 053090 (26 June 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.053090
TOPICS: Coating, Dye sensitized solar cells, Antireflective coatings, Solar cells, Glasses, Silica, Reflection, Refractive index, Quantum efficiency, Scanning electron microscopy
Gilberto Osorio-Gómez, Ricardo Mejía-Gutiérrez, Nicolás Suárez-Castañeda, Ana Gil-Herrera, Jorge Barrera-Velásquez
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 053091 (8 June 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.053091
TOPICS: Solar energy, Solar cells, Sun, Shape analysis, Manufacturing, Silicon, Aerodynamics, 3D modeling, Analytical research, Photovoltaics
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 053092 (5 June 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.053092
TOPICS: Solar cells, Luminescence, Absorption, Quantum wells, Optical testing, External quantum efficiency, Gallium arsenide, Calibration, Hyperspectral imaging, Imaging systems
Ashwith Kumar Chilvery, Padmaja Guggilla, Ashok Batra, Dyaneshwar Gaikwad, James Currie
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 053093 (15 April 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.053093
TOPICS: Solar cells, Absorption, Photovoltaics, Thin film coatings, Thin films, Silver, Absorbance, Thin film devices, Solar energy, Perovskite
Lingfei Ji, Xiaozhan Lv, Yan Wu, Zhenyuan Lin, Yijian Jiang
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 053094 (7 April 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.053094
TOPICS: Silicon, Picosecond phenomena, Reflectivity, Etching, Semiconductor lasers, Wet etching, Scanning electron microscopy, Solar cells, Antireflective coatings, Laser scanners
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 053095 (12 March 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.053095
TOPICS: Reflectivity, Gold, Silver, Metals, Silicon, Antireflective coatings, Particles, Plasmonics, Solar cells, Nanoparticles
Minlin Jiang, Quan Tao, Fei Lan, Christian Bottenfield, Xingzhong Yan, Guangyong Li
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 053096 (27 February 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.053096
TOPICS: Selenium, Thin films, Solar cells, Copper, Annealing, Thin film solar cells, Tin, Zinc, Thin film deposition, Scanning electron microscopy
Umer Mehmood, Ibnelwaleed Hussein, Khalil Harrabi, Belum Reddy
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 053097 (24 February 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.053097
TOPICS: Dye sensitized solar cells, Absorption, Solar energy, Energy efficiency, Light harvesting, Quantum efficiency, Dysprosium, Minerals, Thermodynamics, Renewable energy
Florian Proise, Fabrice Pardo, Maulidiani Siti Winny Adya, Anne-Laure Joudrier, Christophe Dupuis, Nathalie Bardou, Jean-François Guillemoles, Jean-Luc Pelouard
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 053098 (16 January 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.053098
TOPICS: Absorption, Photovoltaics, Metals, Indium gallium arsenide, Epitaxy, Etching, Electromagnetism, Tolerancing, Semiconductors, Nanoantennas
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 053099 (9 January 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.053099
TOPICS: Gallium antimonide, Solar energy, Absorbance, Solar cells, Optical properties, Photovoltaics, Temperature metrology, Tungsten, Coating, Solar radiation
Light-Emitting Materials, Devices, and Technologies
Long Chen, Han Nie, Bin Chen, Gengwei Lin, Wenwen Luo, Rongrong Hu, Fei Huang, Anjun Qin, Zujin Zhao, Ben Zhong Tang
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 053598 (16 December 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.053598
TOPICS: Organic light emitting diodes, Electroluminescence, Luminescence, Solid state physics, Nitrogen, Solid state electronics, Quantum efficiency, Absorption, Solids, Lithium
Special Section on Solid-State Lighting: Photonics and Technologies
Min-Ho Park, Tae-Hee Han, Young-Hoon Kim, Su-Hun Jeong, Yeongjun Lee, Hong-Kyu Seo, Himchan Cho, Tae-Woo Lee
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 053599 (21 July 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.053599
TOPICS: Organic light emitting diodes, Electrodes, Graphene, Solid state lighting, Metals, Multilayers, Polymers, Glasses, Oxides, Positron emission tomography
Light Management
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 054599 (2 January 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.054599
TOPICS: Solar cells, Dispersion, Receivers, Photovoltaics, Energy efficiency, Optical filters, Gallium arsenide, Optical components, Optical design, Solar energy
Photonic Systems and Energy Storage
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 055099 (25 June 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.055099
TOPICS: Optimization (mathematics), Solar cells, Reflectivity, Refractive index, Transmittance, Information operations, Solar energy, Dielectrics, Chemical elements, Switches
Advanced Concepts and Applications
Jillian Larsen, Eli Espinoza, Valentine Vullev
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 055598 (15 May 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.055598
TOPICS: Proteins, Solar energy, Hydrogen, Molecular photonics, Ionization, Magnesium, Sodium, Interfaces, Nitrogen, Solids
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 055599 (13 March 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.055599
TOPICS: Solar cells, Solar concentrators, Tolerancing, Compound parabolic concentrators, Optics manufacturing, Luminescence, Dielectrics, Nonimaging optics, Micro optics, Solar radiation
Special Section on Nanophotonics and Plasmonics for Solar Energy Harvesting and Conversion
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 057001 (31 March 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.057001
TOPICS: Solar energy, Plasmonics, Nanophotonics, Energy conversion efficiency, Thin films, Dielectrics, Semiconductors, Nanostructures, Materials science, Chemistry
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 057002 (5 February 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.057002
TOPICS: Electrodes, Plasmonics, Silver, Metals, Absorption, Organic photovoltaics, Polymers, Nanostructures, Nanoimprint lithography, Nanostructuring
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 057003 (25 November 2014) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.057003
TOPICS: Solar cells, Optical spheres, Refractive index, Dielectrics, Nanoparticles, Microlens, Lenses, Ray tracing, Absorption, Geometrical optics
Michael Smeets, Vladimir Smirnov, Matthias Meier, Karsten Bittkau, Reinhard Carius, Uwe Rau, Ulrich W. Paetzold
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 057004 (20 November 2014) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.057004
TOPICS: Solar cells, Thin film solar cells, Nanostructures, Silver, Prototyping, External quantum efficiency, Plasmonics, Amorphous silicon, Diffraction, Atomic force microscopy
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 057005 (23 December 2014) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.057005
TOPICS: Silver, Absorption, Electrodes, Plasmonics, Active optics, Nanostructures, Polarization, Transmittance, Organic photovoltaics, Geometrical optics
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 057006 (29 December 2014) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.057006
TOPICS: Plasma etching, Transmittance, Nanostructures, Optical components, Antireflective coatings, Polymethylmethacrylate, External quantum efficiency, Interfaces, Glasses, Nanostructuring
Keyur Gandhi, Ahmed Nejim, Michail Beliatis, Christopher Mills, Simon Henley, S. Ravi Silva
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 057007 (11 February 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.057007
TOPICS: Nanoparticles, Plasmonics, Solar cells, Gold, Photovoltaics, Instrument modeling, Metals, Optoelectronic devices, Light scattering, Amorphous silicon
Drew DeJarnette, Todd Otanicar, Nick Brekke, Parameswar Hari, Kenneth Roberts
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 057008 (16 February 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.057008
TOPICS: Nanoparticles, Absorption, Particles, Solar energy, Solar cells, Plasmons, Scattering, Optical filters, Optical properties, Nanorods
Special Section on Solution-Processable Organic Solar Cells
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 057201 (13 May 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.057201
TOPICS: Solar cells, Organic photovoltaics, Solar energy, Electronics, Semiconductors, Materials science, Renewable energy, Applied research, Organic semiconductors, Semiconductor materials
Xiaobin Peng, Yuying Huang, Lisheng Li, Yong Cao
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 057202 (2 December 2014) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.057202
TOPICS: Polymers, Organic photovoltaics, Absorption, Polymer thin films, Solar energy, Solar cells, Molecules, Photovoltaics, Platinum, Oxidation
Sandra Kouijzer, Weiwei Li, Martijn Wienk, René A. Janssen
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 057203 (10 December 2014) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.057203
TOPICS: External quantum efficiency, Polymers, Fullerenes, Solar cells, Solar energy, Absorption, Data modeling, Heterojunctions, Binary data, Transmission electron microscopy
Michael F. Klein, Gustavo Glasner de Medeiros, Panagiota Kapetana, Uli Lemmer, Alexander Colsmann
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 057204 (6 January 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.057204
TOPICS: Polymers, Refractive index, Oscillators, Data modeling, Thin films, Spectroscopic ellipsometry, Solar cells, Absorption, Organic photovoltaics, Anisotropy
Bérenger Roth, Andrey Rudenko, Barry Thompson, Frederik Krebs
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 057205 (22 December 2014) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.057205
TOPICS: Solar cells, Polymers, Magnesium, Organic photovoltaics, Absorbance, Fullerenes, Solar energy, Heterojunctions, Oxygen, Chemistry
Guoping Luo, Xiaoping Cheng, Zhicai He, Hongbin Wu, Yong Cao
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 057206 (22 December 2014) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.057206
TOPICS: Copper, Electrodes, Polymers, Transmittance, Thin films, Polymer thin films, Solar cells, Glasses, Thin film solar cells, Resistance
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 057207 (16 January 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.057207
TOPICS: Solar cells, Polymers, Organic photovoltaics, Excitons, Fullerenes, Photovoltaics, Annealing, Ozone, Solar energy, Crystals
Kallarakkal Ramakrishnan Rajesh, Keshab Paudel, Brian Johnson, Rawad Hallani, John Anthony, Oksana Ostroverkhova
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 057208 (9 January 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.057208
TOPICS: Binary data, Solar cells, Molecules, Heterojunctions, Absorption, Crystals, Polymers, Solar energy, Fluorescence resonance energy transfer, Ocean optics
Assegid Ergete, Fedlu Sabir, Yongfang Li, Teketel Yohannes
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 057209 (9 January 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.057209
TOPICS: Solar cells, Polymers, Absorption, Heterojunctions, Magnesium, Binary data, Photovoltaics, Carbon, Fullerenes, Glasses
Rajesh Mandamparambil, Ronn Andriessen, Jan Gilot, Baptiste Emelin, Yulia Galagan
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 057210 (21 January 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.057210
Chun-Hui Zhang, Wan-Yi Tan, Li-Ping Wang, Qing-Duan Li, Rui Zhou, Ju Huang, Xin-Feng Wei, Yan Xia, Yi-Feng He, Xu-Hui Zhu, Junbiao Peng, Yong Cao
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 057211 (28 January 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.057211
TOPICS: Photovoltaics, Absorption, Annealing, Crystals, Magnesium, Solar cells, Semiconductors, Thin films, Solids, Aluminum
Pablo Romero-Gómez, Francesco Pastorelli, Paola Mantilla-Pérez, Marina Mariano, Alberto Martínez-Otero, Xavier Elias, Rafael Betancur, Jordi Martorell
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 057212 (16 February 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.057212
TOPICS: Electrodes, Polymers, Near infrared, Solar cells, Photonic crystals, Opacity, Silver, Organic photovoltaics, Visible radiation, External quantum efficiency
Yuriy Luponosov, Jie Min, Dmitry Khanin, Derya Baran, Sergey Pisarev, Svetlana Peregudova, Petr Dmitryakov, Sergei Chvalun, Georgiy Cherkaev, Evgeniya Svidchenko, Tayebeh Ameri, Christoph Brabec, Sergey Ponomarenko
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 057213 (16 February 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.057213
TOPICS: Photovoltaics, Absorption, Molecules, Solar energy, Solar cells, Organic photovoltaics, Printed circuit board testing, Chromatography, Electrodes, Solids
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 057214 (16 February 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.057214
TOPICS: Polymers, Solar cells, Absorption, Fullerenes, Organic photovoltaics, Solar energy, Interfaces, Semiconductors, Photovoltaics, Molecules
Sanjay S. Ghosh, Luis Serrano, Bernd Ebenhoch, Vincent Rotello, Graeme Cooke, Ifor D. Samuel
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 057215 (12 June 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.057215
TOPICS: Solar cells, Annealing, Organic photovoltaics, Absorption, Magnesium, Atomic force microscopy, Electrodes, Resistance, Molecules, External quantum efficiency
Special Section on Hybrid Organic-Inorganic Solar Cells
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 057401 (6 April 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.057401
TOPICS: Solar cells, Chemistry, Renewable energy, Dye sensitized solar cells, Heterojunctions, Quantum dots, Solar energy, Biochemistry, Scientific research, Polymers
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 057402 (6 January 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.057402
TOPICS: Solar cells, Photovoltaics, Excitons, Solar energy, Electrons, Dielectrics, Tin, Lead, Metals, Perovskite
Elsa Couderc, Matthew Greaney, William Thornbury, Richard Brutchey, Stephen Bradforth
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 057404 (2 January 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.057404
TOPICS: Polymers, Absorption, Polarons, Nanocrystals, Polymer thin films, Doping, Excitons, Thin films, Near infrared, Solar cells
Chun-Chao Chen, Zirou Hong, Gang Li, Qi Chen, Huanping Zhou, Yang Yang
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 057405 (16 January 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.057405
TOPICS: Solar cells, Molecules, Crystals, Annealing, Molecular photonics, External quantum efficiency, Scanning electron microscopy, Magnesium, Solar energy, Perovskite
Eva Unger, Lei Yang, Burkhard Zietz, Gerrit Boschloo
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 057406 (10 March 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.057406
TOPICS: Solar cells, Absorption, Light harvesting, Antennas, External quantum efficiency, Dye sensitized solar cells, Polymethylmethacrylate, Interfaces, Electrodes, Solid state electronics
Flavio Santos Freitas, Juliana Martins de Souza e Silva, Mateus Borba Cardoso, Ana Flavia Nogueira
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 057407 (25 February 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.057407
TOPICS: Solar cells, Nanoparticles, Nanocrystals, Polymers, Scattering, Nanostructures, Electrodes, Excitons, Transmission electron microscopy, Nanorods
Andreia Morais, João Paulo Alves, Francisco Anderson Lima, Monica Lira-Cantu, Ana Flavia Nogueira
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 057408 (12 March 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.057408
TOPICS: Solar cells, Photovoltaics, Transparent conductors, Graphene, Oxides, Electron transport, Quantum efficiency, Atomic force microscopy, Dispersion, Carbon
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 057409 (24 March 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.057409
TOPICS: Polymers, Solar cells, Heterojunctions, Composites, Electron transport, Energy efficiency, Photovoltaics, Nanoparticles, Absorption, Solar energy
Soya Nakayashiki, Hirotani Daisuke, Yuhei Ogomi, Shuzi Hayase
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 057410 (25 March 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.057410
TOPICS: Lead, Solar cells, Interfaces, Adsorption, Crystals, Electrons, Quartz, Sensors, Photovoltaics, Perovskite
Special Section on Solid-State Lighting: Photonics and Technologies
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 057601 (23 October 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.057601
TOPICS: Light emitting diodes, Photonics, Solid state lighting, Light sources and illumination, Nanoelectronics, Physics, Materials science, Flexible displays, Organic light emitting diodes, Semiconductor optoelectronics
Qiuping Luan, Kin-Tak Lam, Shoou-Jinn Chang
J. Photon. Energy 5(1), 057602 (19 February 2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.057602
TOPICS: Light emitting diodes, Gallium nitride, Temperature metrology, Electron beam lithography, Gallium, Semiconducting wafers, Quantum wells, Indium, Surface finishing, Aluminum