In August 1982 a conference on Robotics and Industrial Automation (Proc. SPIE 360, D. P. Casasent, ed.) elicited a tremendous response, with standing room only at nearly all presentations. This was followed in August 1983 by a Critical Review of Technology conference on Robotics and Robot Sensing Sys-tems (Proc. SPIE 442, D. Casasent and E. L. Hall, eds.). Beginning in November 1983 a permanent conference time and site were established. Future annual SPIE meetings in this field will be held in the fall in Cambridge, Massachusetts.