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22 August 2018 Investigation of signal power splitting ratio for BPSK homodyne receiver with an optical Costas loop
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We demonstrate influences of the power splitting ratio of the quadrature-arm to the input signal on both receiver sensitivity and residual phase error for a 10-Gb/s binary phase-shift keying coherent receiver based on an optical homodyne Costas loop. Fine adjustment of the signal power splitting ratio (Ks) is realized by tuning the polarization state of the input signal light of a dual-polarization optical 90-deg hybrid, leading to the precise control of the power distribution on two orthogonal states of polarization that are used for in-phase and quadrature arm, respectively. When the phase error is negligible (<10  deg) under different Ks, the sensitivity is improved by 2.65 dB and the Ks is optimized around 0.05. Based on loop bandwidth maintaining, the requirement on laser linewidth is also relaxed, i.e., 5.26 times larger linewidth is permitted at Ks  =  0  .  05 than that without loop bandwidth maintaining. To fully utilize the signal light power and to avoid excess losses of the dual-polarization hybrid, homodyne Costas coherent receiver with a free-space optics-based 90-deg hybrid is also proposed. All experimental and theoretical results demonstrate the potential of approaching shot noise limited sensitivity for a Costas coherent receiver with an optimum Ks. It is significant to increase power budget and transmission span for satellite optical communication and free-space optical communication.
© 2018 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE) 0091-3286/2018/$25.00 © 2018 SPIE
Haijun Zhou, Zunzhen Zhu, Weilin Xie, and Yi Dong "Investigation of signal power splitting ratio for BPSK homodyne receiver with an optical Costas loop," Optical Engineering 57(8), 086111 (22 August 2018).
Received: 2 May 2018; Accepted: 7 August 2018; Published: 22 August 2018

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