Micro-structures offer superior functions such as superhydrophobicity, selfcleaning, anti-wear and drag reduction. In this paper, various microstructures were fabricated by rear-side picosecond laser irradiation of two-layer materials. The material of underlying layer was commonly commercial available ink; the material of surface layer was PMMA. The high light absorptivity of underlying material result in significantly reduced absorption depth. The laser source could therefore be regarded as plane heat source, leading to better surface morphologies after the mater-laser interaction. The results showed that convex structures were obtained at a lower laser fluence; with increase of laser fluence, a doughnut-like structures were obtained; with further rise of laser fluence, bowl-like structures would be obtained. Moreover, the size of microstructures could be tuned by adjusting laser processing parameters such as laser power, frequency and laser-mater interaction time. This method provides an insight for fabrication of functional surface.
This study was performed using picosecond pulses to obtain the three-dimensional micro-nano-hierarchical porous structures on the surface of titanium via the combination of the ablation and the deposition of ablated particles. For the repetition rate of 100 kHz and the scanning speed of 10 mm/s, there were secondary nano-tree-like micro-nano structures via the deposition of the ablated material formed on the primary microstructures. However, when the scan speed decreased, the primary microstructures were invisible owing to too much material deposition. When the repetition rate increased to 500 kHz, the ablated particles were irradiated by the posterior pulse before deposition onto the surface of material, and agglomerated into spidernet-like nanostructures. Then, the upper layer of the secondary micro-nano structure was molten and came into micro-nano porous fractal structures. Both the secondary micro-nano porous structures showed the hierarchy in the vertical and horizontal direction of the surface of titanium. Contact angle measurement after 3 months indicated that the nano-tree-like micro-nano structures showed super-hydrophilcity, and the spidernet-like nano and micro-nano porous fractal structures showed super-hydrophobicity.