Nanopores are a new class of low dimensional semiconductor nanostructures which have been recently proposed for use
in lasers and other photonic applications. This paper provides an overview of patterned nanopore lattices with an
emphasis on their electronic and optical properties. The ability to control nanopore properties by geometry and material
composition are demonstrated. Two methods for controlled nanopore fabrication are presented and compared. Spectral
characteristics of nanopore lasers are presented. Finite element numerical simulations are also performed to determine
the band structure and emission properties of nanopores.