We report on the first results obtained from our development project of focusing gamma-rays (>60 keV) by using Laue lenses. The first lens prototype model has been assembled and tested. We describe the technique adopted and the lens focusing capabilities at about 100 keV.
We report the status of the HAXTEL project, devoted to perform a design study and the development of a Laue
lens prototype. After a summary of the major results of the design study, the approach adopted to develop a
Demonstration Model of a Laue lens is discussed, the set up described, and some results presented.
A breakthrough in the sensitivity level of the hard X-/gamma-ray telescopes, which today are based on detectors that view the sky through (or not) coded masks, is expected when focusing optics will be available also in this energy range. Focusing techniques are now in an advanced stage of development. To date the most efficient technique to focus hard X-rays with energies above 100 keV appears to be the Bragg diffraction from crystals in transmission configuration (Laue lenses). Crystals with mosaic structure appear to be the most suitable to build a Laue lens with a broad passband, even though other alternative structures are being investigated. The goal of our project is the development of a broad band focusing telescope based on gamma-ray lenses for the study of the continuum emission of celestial sources from 60 keV up to >600 keV. We will report details of our project, its development status and results of our assessment study of a lens configuration for the European Gamma Ray Imager (GRI) mission now under study for the ESA plan Cosmic Vision 2015-2025.
A Laue lens for focusing X-ray photons with energies above 60 keV for astrophysical applications is being developed. The lens is based on mosaic crystals of Cu (111) produced at the Institute Laue-Langevin. A feasibility study has allowed to establish lens geometry and crystal properties required. The test of the crystals has provided very satisfactory results. We are now developing a Demonstration Model (DM) of the lens in order to establish the best assembling technique of the crystals. We will discuss the status of the project and its prospects.
We report on the feasibility study of a Laue lens for hard X-rays
(> 60 keV) based on mosaic crystals, for astrophysical applications.
In particular we discuss the scientific motivations, its functioning principle, the procedure followed to select the suitable crystal materials, the criteria adopted to establish crystal dimensions and their distribution on the lens in order to obtain the best lens focusing capabilities, and the criteria for optimizing the lens effective area in a given passband. We also discuss the effects of misalignments of the crystal tiles due to unavoidable mechanical errors in assembling the lens. A software was developed to face all these topics and to evaluate the expected lens performance.