Two-dimensional materials have attracted significant interest recently for their unique optical properties compared to their bulk counterparts. Specifically, the family of transition metal dichalcogenides (TMD), such as MoS2 and WS2, have large second order nonlinear susceptibility. Extraordinary second harmonic generation and sum frequency generation have been observed. Here we investigate the second order nonlinearity of 2D materials, including TMD layered materials with dopants and defects. Experimental results and preliminary theoretical analysis will be discussed.
In this talk I will discuss surface enhanced Raman scattering in silica microsphere resonators based on whispering gallery mode resonance. Recently silica microspheres have attracted attention as a novel substrate for surface enhanced Raman scattering. Whispering gallery mode resonance has been identified as a major enhancement mechanism, along with other effects such as photonic nanojets. In most of the previous experiments, however, free space pumping of the microsphere has been used, which has low efficiency in coupling to the whispering gallery modes. In our approach, we use a tapered fiber coupler for a highly efficient coupling to the whispering gallery modes. Coupling to the microresonator is monitored using a tunable laser. We observe both pump enhancement and Purcell enhancement in the microresonator. Since the linewidth of the whispering gallery modes is much smaller than that of the Raman peaks, sharp peaks corresponding to the whispering gallery modes are overlaid on top of the Raman spectrum of the bulk material. To demonstrate the system’s potential for Raman analysis, I will present the whispering gallery mode surface enhanced Raman spectrum of rhodamine 6G thin film coated on a microsphere resonator.
Ultrahigh-quality whispering gallery mode optical microresonators have been studied for their use as highly sensitive sensors. In this talk, we discuss the use of microsphere microresonators in Raman spectroscopy for interrogating particles adhered to the surface of the resonator. An external cavity diode laser is tuned to a resonant high-Q mode and the circulating optical field experiences a large buildup, resulting in enhanced Raman scattering. Here we present studies of Raman scattering spectroscopy of single particles. Raman sensing with different Q's is discussed.
High-quality whispering-gallery-mode optical resonators have garnered interest in particle sensing for a variety of applications. Here, we further explore the idea of using microresonators to enhance single-particle detection and identification by monitoring the Raman scattering from a particle adhered to a silica micro-sphere. A tunable diode laser is critically coupled into a resonant mode of the micro-sphere resonator, allowing circulating power to build up within the cavity for enhanced interaction with the attached particle. Experimental results of single particle Raman scattering in microsphere resonators are presented.