The results of a complex statistical, correlation and fractal analysis of distributions of the magnitude of the real component of the elements of the Jones matrix polycrystalline films of biological fluids of different biochemical composition are presented. The magnitudes and ranges of changes in the set of statistical, correlation, and fractal moments of the 1st to 4th orders, which characterize the Jones-matrix images of dendritic, spherolithic, and combined networks of biological crystals, are determined. A classification system is proposed for the polarization manifestations of the optically anisotropic properties of such polycrystalline structures for the development of the principles for the differential diagnosis of pathological conditions of human organs.
The given data on the optical arrangement, in which the coordinate distributions of the real and imaginary component of the elements of the Jones matrix of optically thin polycrystalline layers are determined. Algorithms are presented and an experimental method for measuring the real and imaginary component of Jones-matrix images is analyzed. The experimental results of the study of statistical, correlation, and fractal parameters, which characterize the real component of the Jones-matrix image of polycrystalline networks of flat layers of the main types of human amino acids, are presented.