A new fast non rigid registration algorithm is presented. The algorithm estimates a dense deformation field by optimizing a criterion that measures image similarity by mutual information and regularizes with a linear elastic energy term. The optimal deformation field is found using a Simultaneous Perturbation Stochastic Approximation to the gradient. The implementation is parallelized for symmetric multi-processor architectures.
This algorithm was applied to capture non-rigid brain deformations that occur during neurosurgery. Segmentation of the intra-operative data is not required but preoperative segmentation of the brain allows the algorithm to be robust to artifacts due to the craniotomy.
Intra-Operative MR imaging is an emerging tool for image guided (neuro)surgery. Due to the small size of the magnets and the short acquisition time, the images produced by such devices are often subject to distortions. In this work, we show the particular case of images provided by an ODIN device (Odin Medical Technologies, Newton, MA 02458, USA). Such images suffer from geometric distortions and an important bias field in the luminance. In order to simultaneously correct these deformations, we propose to register a preoperative ODIN image with a diagnosis MR high resolution image while compensating the bias field.
Delineation of structures to irradiate (the tumors) as well as structures to be spared (e.g., optic nerve, brainstem, or eyes) is required for advanced radiotherapy techniques. Due to a lack of time and the number of patients to be treated these cannot always be segmented accurately which may lead to suboptimal plans. A possible solution is to develop methods to identify these structures automatically. This study tests the hypothesis that a fully automatic, atlas-based segmentation method can be used to segment most brain structures needed for radiotherapy plans even tough tumors may deform normal anatomy substantially. This is accomplished by registering an atlas with a subject volume using a combination of
rigid and non-rigid registration algorithms. Segmented structures in the atlas volume are then mapped to the corresponding structures in the subject volume using the computed transformations. The method we propose has been tested on two sets of data, i.e., adults and children/young adults. For the first set of data, contours obtained automatically have been compared to contours delineated manually by three physicians. For the other set qualitative results are