The Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS) measures reflected solar radiation in the shortwave
infrared and has been used to map methane (CH4) using both a radiative transfer technique  and a band ratio method
. However, these methods are best suited to water bodies with high sunglint and are not well suited for terrestrial
scenes. In this study, a cluster-tuned matched filter algorithm originally developed by Funk et al.  for synthetic
thermal infrared data was used for gas plume detection over more heterogeneous backgrounds.
This approach permits mapping of CH4, CO2 (carbon dioxide), and N2O (nitrous oxide) trace gas emissions in multiple
AVIRIS scenes for terrestrial and marine targets. At the Coal Oil Point marine seeps offshore of Santa Barbara, CA,
strong CH4 anomalies were detected that closely resemble results obtained using the band ratio index. CO2 anomalies
were mapped for a fossil-fuel power plant, while multiple N2O and CH4 anomalies were present at the Hyperion
wastewater treatment facility in Los Angeles, CA. Nearby, smaller CH4 anomalies were also detected immediately
downwind of hydrocarbon storage tanks and centered on a flaring stack at the Inglewood Gas Plant.
Improving these detection methods might permit gas detection over large search areas, e.g. identifying fugitive CH4
emissions from damaged natural gas pipelines or hydraulic fracturing. Further, this technique could be applied to other
trace gasses with distinct absorption features and to data from planned instruments such as AVIRISng, the NEON
Airborne Observation Platform (AOP), and the visible-shortwave infrared (VSWIR) sensor on the proposed HyspIRI