SiC nanoparticles by carbothermal reduction show promising properties in terms of second harmonic and multiphoton excited luminescence. In particular, we estimate a nonlinear efficiency < d < = 17 pm/V, as obtained by Hyper Rayleigh Scattering. We also present results of cell labelling to demonstrate the potential use of SiC nanoparticles for nonlinear bioimaging by simultaneous detection of second harmonic and luminescence.
In this contribution we present the motivations underlying the introduction of harmonic nanoparticles, i.e. second harmonic contrast agents for nonlinear microscopy. Their properties will be discussed in the light of various biological applications including imaging of stem cells and rare event detection in physiological media.