Cholesteric liquid crystals (CLC) with a specific confinement conditions are known to form bubble domain (BD) texture. We have developed the CLC BD texture stabilized with a small amount of polymer. CLC bubbles of a BD texture self-assemble into domains with a hexagonal ordering and optically perform as a diffraction grating. By stabilization of the BD texture with a polymer we have improved optical quality of the diffractive CLC layer and have increased its mechanical stability. We discuss details about samples preparation, Bragg diffraction, electro-optical performance and present results of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) morphological study of the polymer network formed in the bulk of the diffractive liquid crystal layer.
In this work, cholesteric liquid crystal (CLC) laser emission from two different liquid crystal hosts doped with the same laser dye was studied. For both systems, the lasing thresholds were measured and the energy output was studied at different pump energies and at different temperatures. When the pump energy was increased, a shift of lasing wavelength and a decrease of emission in one sample were observed. We argue that this phenomenon is associated with thermal degradation of the distributed-feedback cavity caused by laser heating and the temperature induced changes of the cholesteric pitch.