The principles of the use of fractal analysis in the problems of polarization mapping of microscopic images of biological preparations are considered. Myocardial tissue of the deceased with various pathological and necrotic changes was selected as the object of study. A model of the polycrystalline structure of such an object is proposed. Obtained maps of the ellipticity of the polarization of microscopic images of such an object. Within the framework of fractal analysis, the statistical moments of the 1st - 4th orders were found, which characterize the distribution of the logarithmic dependences of the power spectra of polarization ellipticity maps. The criteria for differentiation of various pathological states of myocardial tissue are determined.
This report contains the results of approbations of the polarization correlometry method (PCM) – statistical mapping of biological tissues fractal structure (myocardium and brain - “fibrillar optically anisotropic networks” and the wall of the rectum - “island optically anisotropic structures”) and liquids (polycrystalline films of synovial fluid - a superposition of “structured and island networks of biological crystals").
The results of the multifunctional Stokes polarimetric mapping of the manifestations of phase and amplitude anisotropy of histological sections of the internal organs of rats are presented. The methods of statistical analysis of vector-parametric images are used. Criteria for the differentiation of pathological conditions are obtained.