This paper presents the investigation of the temperature effects on wavelength calibration of an optical spectrum analyzer or OSA. The characteristics of wavelength dependence on temperatures are described and demonstrated under the guidance of the IEC 62129-1:2006, the international standard for the Calibration of wavelength/optical frequency measurement instruments – Part 1: Optical spectrum analyzer. Three distributed-feedback lasers emit lights with wavelengths of 1310 nm, 1550 nm, and 1600 nm were used as light sources in this work. Each light was split by a 1 x 2 fiber splitter whereas one end was connected to a standard wavelength meter and the other to an under-test OSA. Two Experiment setups were arranged for the analysis of the wavelength reading deviations between a standard wavelength meter and an OSA under a variety of circumstances of different temperatures and humidity conditions. The experimental results showed that, for wavelengths of 1550 nm and 1600 nm, the wavelength deviations were proportional to the value of temperature with the minimum and maximum of -0.015 and 0.030 nm, respectively. While the deviations of 1310 nm wavelength did not change much with the temperature as they were in the range of -0.003 nm to 0.010 nm. The measurement uncertainty was also evaluated according to the IEC 62129-1:2006. The main contribution of measurement uncertainty was caused by the wavelength deviation. The uncertainty of measurement in this study is 0.023 nm with coverage factor, <i>k</i> = 2.
This paper presents the polarizing triangular cyclic interferometer (pTCi) for characterizing optical samples with birefringent properties such as half- and quarter-wave plates. The interferometric system was set up to analyze the phase retardation of wave retarders in both qualitative and quantitative aspects. For the qualitative aspect, the distinct signal outputs from the inspected birefringent components oriented at particular angles are employed to distinguish different types of optical devices. For the quantitative aspect, the same arrangement could determine the phase difference γ of unknown retarders, so that it could be used to characterize types of samples. The experimental results showed the corresponding results obtained from both mentioned aspects where γ were measured to be 89.62° and 177.17° for half- and quarter-wave plates, respectively. The pTCi has been proved to be a proper scheme to characterize optical samples with birefringent properties.
Conference Committee Involvement (1)
Third International Conference on Photonic Solutions