The effect of strong localization of electromagnetic field in colloidal photonic crystals (PCs) is considered in present paper. It is shown theoretically that due to lateral modulation of dielectric permittivity of PC the sharp peaks of light’s intensity arise at the band-gap pumping, and light field decays parametrically with depth. The light itself localises at the near-surface volume of the PC and enhances nonlinear light conversion. Theoretical model to explain generic physical picture is presented for two-dimensional PC, and the analytical results are compared with numerical simulations by finite-difference time-domain method for solving the Maxwell’s equations. The fingerprints of enhanced high harmonic generation, which are observed in our experimental studies with globular quartz PCs, justify the main theoretical predictions.
Development of novel methods for non-destructive evaluation of composite materials (CMs) at manufacturing and operational stages remains challenging problem of applied physics, optics and material science. In this paper, we have considered the ability to use the terahertz (THz) time-domain spectroscopy (TDS) for non-destructive evaluation of CMs. By combining the TDS technique with appropriate methods of solving the inverse ill-posed problems, we have shown that TDS could be applied for CM testing. At first, we have demonstrated that TDS could be used to control the polymerization process and, as a consequence, the CM binder curing. Secondary, we have shown the ability to detect the internal defects (non-impregnated voids) inside the CMs via the TDS-based THz time-of-flight tomography. Thereby, the results of our study allow highlighting the prospective of non-destructive evaluation of CMs using the TDS.