Optical properties (reflection, refractive index, real and imaginary part of permittivity function) of rough titanium surfaces fabricated by anodizing method at different anodic voltage have been studied. It is shown that a negative region in the visible wavelength range is observed on a rough titanium surface in the refractive index spectrum; its minimum appeared to be red-shifted shifted with surface roughness increase. These optical-nonlinear effects are studied by means s- and p-polarized light reflection coefficients spectra and permittivity spectra registration. It is also shown that the generation of surface plasmon oscillations in the visible spectral region on the rough titanium surface is possible. Excitation of surface plasmons is found to be accompanied by redistribution of the incident electromagnetic energy on the surface and leads to various nonlinear effects including negative values of the refractive index.