This paper deals with the design, the modeling and the simulation of two electrical circuits devoted to kinetic piezoelectric energy harvesters for powering distributed control cells. Two schemes are proposed, analyzed and discussed: the first is a based on classical electrical stages, and the second integrates a novel multiplier/rectifier stage which permits to reduce the voltage loss. Simulation and experimental tests are carried out and demonstrate the advantage of the second scheme relative to the first one.
Epitaxial LiNbO3 thin films were deposited on C-sapphire substrates by pulsed injection metal organic chemical vapor deposition and atmospheric pressure metal organic chemical vapor deposition. The effect of deposition conditions, such as the ratio of Li/Nb precursors in solution and the deposition pressure, on the phase composition, Li nonstoichiometry, texture, epitaxial quality, residual stresses and formation of twins in LiNbO3 films was studied by means of X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy. It was found that the deposition pressure played an important role in the incorporation of Li2O in the film and the formation of in-plane and out-of-plane twins.