We measured transverse magneto-thermoelectric voltage on devices made of a Permalloy (Py) line and a transverse
electrode made of platinum (Pt), copper (Cu) or bismuth (Bi). We show that the angular dependence of the voltage is the
same for Pt and Cu but different with a Bi electrode. We interpret the angular dependence with Pt and Cu electrode as
anomalous and planar Nernst and Righi-Leduc effect on Py. The results obtained with a Bi electrode can be explained as
the Nernst effect of the electrode itself which overwhelms the signal coming from the Py.
The change of magnetization (i.e. using the inverse magnetostriction effect) allows to investigate at the nanoscale the effects of thermoelastic and piezoelectric strain of an active track-etched β-PVDF polymer matrix on an electrodeposited single-contacted Ni nanowire (NW). The magnetization state is measured locally by anisotropic magnetoresitance (AMR). The ferromagnetic NW plays thus the role of a mechanical probe that allows the effects of mechanical strain to be characterized and described qualitatively and quantitatively. Due to the inverse magnetostriction, a quasi-disappearance of the AMR signal for a variation of the order of ΔT ≈ 10 K has been evidenced. The coplanarity of the vectors between the magnetization and the magnetic field is broken. A way of studying the effect of the geometry on such a system, is to fabricate oriented polymer templates. Track-etched polymer membranes were thus irradiated at various angles (αirrad) leading, after electrodeposition, to embedded Ni NWs of different orientations. With cylindrical Ni NW oriented normally to the template surface, the induced stress field in a single Ni NW was found 1000 time higher than the bulk stress field (due to thermal expansion measured on the PVDF). This amplification results in three nanoscopic effects: (1) a stress mismatch between the Ni NW and the membrane, (2) a non-negligible role of the surface tension on Ni NW Young modulus, and (3) the possibility of non-linear stress-strain law. When the Ni NWs are tilted from the polymer template surface normality, the induced stress field is reduced and the amplification phenomenon is less important.
The anisotropic properties of thermal transport in insulating or conducting ferromagnets are derived on the basis of the Onsager reciprocity relations applied to a magnetic system. It is shown that the angular dependence of the temperature gradient takes the same form as that of the anisotropic magnetoresistance, including anomalous and planar Hall contributions .
The experimental study  shows that the voltage measured between the extremities of the non-magnetic electrode in thermal contact to the Py or YIG ferromagnetic layers follows the predicted angular dependence. Furthermore, the sign and the amplitude of the magneto-voltaic signal measured is in agreement with the thermocouples calculated from the corresponding Seebeck coefficients, for the three different electrodes used in the study (Pt, Cu, Bi).