Coupling between excitons belonging to organic dyes and photons in a microcavities forming cavity polaritons have been receiving attention for their fundamental interest as well as potential applications in coherent light sources. Organic materials are of particular interest as the coupling is particularly strong due to the large oscillator strength of conjugated organic molecules. The resulting coupling in organic materials is routinely in the strong regime. Ultrastrong coupling between photons and excitons in microcavities containing organic dyes and semiconductors has been recently observed in room temperature. We have studied the coupling between cavity pairs in the ultrastrong regime and found that the high order terms in the modified Jaynes-Cummings model result in broken degeneracy between the symmetric and antisymmetric modes.
The unusually strong coupling between cavity photons and organic excitons dovetail with the robust nonlinear optical responses of the same materials. This provides a new and promising hybrid material for photonics. We report on measurements of photorefraction in organic cavities containing a derivative of the photorefractive organic glass based on 2-dicyanomethylene-3-cyano-2,5-dihydrofuran (DCDHF).