We have synthesized and tested new highly fluorescent metal organic framework (MOF) materials
based on stilbene dicarboxylic acid as a linker. The crystal structure and porosity of the product are
dependent on synthetic conditions and choice of solvent and a low-density cubic form has been
identified by x-ray diffraction. In this work we report experiments demonstrating scintillation
properties of these crystals. Bright proton-induced luminescence with large shifts relative to the
fluorescence excitation spectra were recorded, peaking near 475 nm. Tolerance to fast proton
radiation was evaluated by monitoring this radio-luminescence to absorbed doses of several hundred MRAD.
Organic materials, and in particular, poly(<i>p</i>-phenylene vinylene)s, are being investigated for solid state neutron
detection. Semiconducting organics can offer direct detection because of high resistivity, high dielectric strength, natural
gamma discrimination due to low Z, and room temperature operation. However, the effective charge collection is
dependant on several material processing variables, including solvent choice and concentration, substrate, deposition
method and conditions, post-deposition processing, and other factors, all of which can influence the local and bulk order
of the material. We have investigated the effects of processing variables on the material order through infrared
dichroism. The charge collection of the device was measured with visible laser excitation, and related to the order.
We are developing a variety of microsystems for the separation and detection of biological samples. At the heart of these systems, inexpensive polymer microfluidic chips carry out sample preparation and analysis. Fabrication of polymer microfluidic chips involves the creation of a master in etched silicon or glass; plating of the master to produce a nickel stamp; large lot chip replication by injection molding; precision chip sealing; and chemical modification of channel surfaces. Separation chips rely on insulator-based dielectrophoresis for the separation of biological particles. Detection chips carry out capillary electrophoresis to detect fluorescent tags that identify specific biological samples. Since the performance and reliability of these microfluidic chips are very sensitive to fluidic impedance, electromagnetic flux, and zeta potential, the microchannel dimensions, shape, and surface chemistry have to be tightly controlled during chip fabrication and use. This paper will present an overview of chip design, fabrication, and testing. Dimensional metrology data, surface chemistry characterization, and chip performance data will be discussed in detail.
Sandia and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratories are developing a briefcase-sized, broad-spectrum bioagent detection system. This autonomous instrument, the BioBriefcase, will monitor the environment and warn against bacterium, virus, and toxin based biological attacks. At the heart of this device, inexpensive polymer microfluidic chips will carry out sample preparation and analysis. Fabrication of polymer microfluidic chips involves the creation of a master in etched glass; plating of the master to produce a nickel stamp; large lot chip replication by injection molding; and thermal chip sealing. Since the performance and reliability of microfluidic chips are very sensitive to fluidic impedance and to electromagnetic fluxes, the microchannel dimensions and shape have to be tightly controlled during chip fabrication. In this talk, we will present an overview of chip design and fabrication. Metrology data collected at different fabrication steps and the dimensional deviations of the polymer chip from the original design will be discussed.
We have successfully demonstrated selective trapping, concentration, and release of various biological organisms and inert beads by insulator-based dielectrophoresis within a polymeric microfluidic device. The microfluidic channels and internal features, in this case arrays of insulating posts, were initially created through standard wet-etch techniques in glass. This glass chip was then transformed into a nickel stamp through the process of electroplating. The resultant nickel stamp was then used as the replication tool to produce the polymeric devices through injection molding. The polymeric devices were made of Zeonor 1060R, a polyolefin copolymer resin selected for its superior chemical resistance and optical properties. These devices were then optically aligned with another polymeric substrate that had been machined to form fluidic vias. These two polymeric substrates were then bonded together through thermal diffusion bonding. The sealed devices were utilized to selectively separate and concentrate a variety of biological pathogen simulants and organisms. These organisms include bacteria and spores that were selectively concentrated and released by simply applying D.C. voltages across the plastic replicates via platinum electrodes in inlet and outlet reservoirs. The dielectrophoretic response of the organisms is observed to be a function of the applied electric field and post size, geometry and spacing. Cells were selectively trapped against a background of labeled polystyrene beads and spores to demonstrate that samples of interest can be separated from a diverse background. We have implemented a methodology to determine the concentration factors obtained in these devices.