Optical quantum technology needs efficient sources for non-classical light. Solid-state emitters provide excellent mode purity, high brightness, and often also stable operation up to room temperature. At the same time the spin of individual impurities can be entangled with emitted photons. Nano-photonic structures can dramatically enhance the photon emission efficiency and thus the yield of quantum information processing tasks involving photons. One example is a node of a quantum repeater network.
In this presentation we address the issue of enhanced photon collection from optically active defects in the solid-state such as diamond  or two-dimensional material . We briefly introduce the emitters and then describe recent experiments where we couple them to dielectric/plasmonic antennas  and to SiO2/Si light collecting structures .
 “Fiber-Coupled Diamond Micro-Waveguides toward an Efficient Quantum Interface for Spin Defect Centers”, M. Fujiwara, O. Neitzke, T. Schröder, A. W. Schell, J. Wolters, J. Zheng, S. Mouradian, M. Almoktar, S. Takeuchi, D. Englund, and O. Benson, ACS Omega 2, 7194-7202 (2017)
 “Photodynamics of quantum emitters in hexagonal boron nitride revealed
by low-temperature spectroscopy“, B. Sontheimer, M. Braun, N. Nikolay, N. Sadzak, I. Aharonovich, and Oliver Benson, Phys. Rev B 96, 121202(R) (2017).
 “Accurate placement of single nano particles on opaque conductive structures“, N. Nikolay, N. Sadzak, A. Dohms, B. Lubotzky, H. Abudayyeh, R. Rapaport, and O. Benson, Appl. Phys. Lett, accepted (2018); arXiv:1807.10605
 “Fine-tuning of whispering gallery modes in on-chip silica microdisk resonators within a full spectral range“, R. Henze, C. Pyrlik, A. Thies, J.M. Ward, A. Wicht, O. Benson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 041104 (2013).
Quantum light and in particular single photons have become essential resources for a growing number of quantum applications including quantum computing, quantum key distribution and quantum metrology. Solid-state atomlike systems such as semiconductor quantum dots and color defects in crystals have become the hallmark of highly pure single photon emitters in the past two decades. A particular interest has been developed in nanocrystal quantum dots (NQDs) and color centers in diamond as potential compact room-temperature emitters. There are however several challenges that inhibit the use of such sources in current technologies including low photon extraction efficiency, low emission rates and relatively low single photon purities. In this work we will review our efforts in overcoming these technical difficulties using several complementary methods including designing several nanoantenna devices that enhance the directionality and emission rate of the nanoemitter. In addition, we developed several temporal heralding techniques to overcome the hurdle of low single photon purity in NQDs in an effort to produce a highly pure, bright and efficient single photon source on-chip.