Atmospheric trace gases exist in the atmosphere of the earth rarely. But the atmospheric trace gases play an important role in the global atmospheric environment and ecological balance by participating in the global atmospheric cycle. And many environmental problems are caused by the atmospheric trace gases such as photochemical smog, acid rain, greenhouse effect, ozone depletion, etc. So observations of atmospheric trace gases become very important. Multi Axis Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy (MAX-DOAS) developed recently is a kind of promising passive remote sensing technology which can utilize scattered sunlight received from multiple viewing directions to derive vertical column density of lower tropospheric trace gases like ozone, sulfur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide. It has advantages of simple structure, stable running, passive remote sensing and real-time online monitoring automatically. A MAX-DOAS has been developed at Shandong Academy of Sciences Institute of Oceanographic Instrumentation (SDIOI) for remote measurements of lower tropospheric trace gases (NO2, SO2, and O3). In this paper, we mainly introduce the stucture of the instrument, calibration and results. Detailed performance analysis and calibration of the instrument were made at Qingdao. We present the results of NO2, SO2 and O3 vertical column density measured in the coastal boundary layer over Jiaozhou Bay. The diurnal variation and the daily average value comparison of vertical column density during a long-trem observation are presented. The vertical column density of NO2 and SO2 measured during Qingdao oil pipeline explosion on November 22, 2013 by MAX-DOAS is also presented. The vertical column density of NO2 reached to a high value after the explosion. Finally, the following job and the outlook for future possible improvements are given. Experimental calibration and results show that the developed MAX-DOAS system is reliable and credible.
A scanning micro-pulse lidar (MPL) was developed by Institute of Oceanographic Instrumentation, Shandong Academy
of Sciences, which can be used for routine observations of optical properties, temporal and spatial variation of
atmospheric aerosol and cloud in the lower troposphere. In addition to the optical system design, the design of 3
dimensional (3-D) scanning system controlled by servo motors is analyzed, including servo motor selection and
mechanical design. Through the measurements in Qingdao, it is proved that 3-D scanning system can control the lidar
azimuth/elevation scanning with high precision. The lidar has good performance and can provide time-height indication
(THI), range-height indication (RHI) and plane-position indication (PPI) of lidar signals which can well reflect the
temporal and spatial variation of atmospheric aerosol.
Aerosol particles are important both because they affect atmospheric processes and, after deposition to the sea surface,
because they affect processes in sea water. Aerosols have a strong impact on climate both due to scattering and
absorption of incoming solar radiation (direct effect) and through their effects on cloud properties and associated cloud
albedo (first indirect effect) and precipitation (second indirect effect). A shipborne multiwavelength
Mie/Raman/Polarization aerosol lidar developed for marine aerosol is presented. The shipborne aerosol lidar (SAL) is
able to measure aerosol backscatter and extinction coefficient as well as depolarization in the altitude range 0 to 20 km.
The instrument is installed in a 2 m*2 m*2 m container. Preliminary results of investigation of marine aerosol properties
on the basis of multiwavelength lidar onboard the Xiangyanghong Number 8 Research ship on the Yellow Sea and
Jiaozhou Bay of China are presented.
Atmospheric aerosols play a major role in many atmospheric processes concerning the earth’s radiation budget, air quality, clouds and percipitation, and atmospheric chemistry. A multiwavelength Mie-Polarization-Raman lidar system is developing at Shandong Academy of Sciences Institute of Oceanorgraphic Instrumentation (SDIOI), which is used for the profiling of optical and physical aerosol properties. This system is specifically designed for characterizing marine aerosol which consists of a complex mix of different aerosol types. The aerosol lidar consists of a tripled Nd:YAG laser with three wavelengths, 30 cm telescope, six receiver channels and data acquistion subsystem. It provides particle backscatter coefficients at 355, 532 and 1064 nm (3β), extinction coefficients at 355 and 532 nm (2α), and depolarization ratio (σ). There are two Raman channels to collect the Raman signals backscattered by nitrogen molecules at 607 nm and by water vapor moecules at 407 nm. In this paper, we mainly describe the details of the optical setup, structure and performance of the lidar system. At last, the simulated signals based on the specifications are presented to demonstrate the capabilities of the lidar system.