Theoretical simulations were carried out to evaluate the properties of terahertz (THz) generation in β-BaTeMo<sub>2</sub>O<sub>9</sub> (βBTM) crystal by stimulated polariton scattering (SPS) process. The effects of different polariton modes on THz generation were analyzed, from which we determined the optimal crystal design and polarizations of the coupled waves. The dispersion and absorption characteristics of these vibration modes were also given based on the first-principle calculation and correlation Raman spectrum. Finally, the angle phase matching property and THz-wave gain were calculated. Simulation results showed that β-BTM is a kind of potential material for high-power tunable THz generation.
High-repetition-rate, monochromatic and tunable terahertz (THz) source is demonstrated. We use an orthogonally polarized dual-wavelength intracavity OPO to complete the type-II phase-matched collinear difference-frequency generation in GaSe. A high average-power 2 <i>μ</i>m laser with 12 W output power and good beam quality based on an intracavity KTP OPO is experimentally designed. The KTP OPO is intracavity pumped by an acousto-optical Q-switched side-pumped Nd:YAG with the repetition rate of 10 kHz. Two identical KTP crystals were 7 × 8 × 15 mm<sup>3</sup> in size, cut at <i>θ</i> = 51.2°, <i>φ</i> = 0°, which were tuned in the x-z plane to achieve type-II phase-matching. The KTP OPO consists of two identical KTP crystals to reduce the walk-off effect and improve the beam overlap area of the output signal and idler waves. The pulse-width of the 2-<i>μ</i>m KTP OPO laser is about 11 ns with the linewidth about 0.8 nm. The focused OPO beam is injected into the uncoated GaSe with the length of 8 mm, and the generated THz wave is detected with a 4.2-K Si-bolometer after focusing with a polyethylene lens. The tunable and coherent radiation from 0.2 to 3 THz has been achieved based on the type-II phase-matching DFG when the two pump waves are in the range of 2.1064 - 2.1272 <i>μ</i>m and 2.1516 - 2.1304 <i>μ</i>m while symmetrically tuning the phase-matching angle of the KTPs. The maximum output THz average power can reach <i>μ</i>W-level around 1.48 THz.
A widely tunable, high-energy terahertz wave parametric oscillator based on 1 mol. % MgO-doped near-stoichiometric LiNbO<sub>3</sub> crystal has been proposed with 1064 nm nanosecond pulsed laser pumping. The tunable range of 1.16 to 4.64 THz was obtained. Under the pump energy of 150 mJ/pulse, the maximum THz wave output energy of 12.56 μJ was achieved at 1.88 THz, corresponding to the THz wave conversion efficiency of 7.61×10<sup>-5</sup> and the photon conversion efficiency of 1.14%, respectively. Moreover, the THz half maximum (FWHM) beam diameters of MgO:SLN TPO measured at 4 cm from the output surface were 7.42 mm and 6.06 mm in the vertical and horizontal directions, respectively.
A surface-emitted ring-cavity terahertz (THz) wave parametric oscillator has been demonstrated for high-energy THz output and fast frequency tuning. Through the special optical design with a Galvano optical scanner and four-mirror ring-cavity structure, a maximum THz output of 12.9 μJ/pulse is achieved at 1.359 THz under the pump pulse energy of 172.8 mJ with the repetition rate of 10 Hz. A further research on the performance of the SE ring-cavity TPO has done to explore more characteristics of THz output. The THz pulse instability and the influence of cavity loss has analyzed. Moreover, the pump depletion rate of the ring-cavity configuration is much lower than the conventional surface-emitted terahertz wave parametric oscillator at the same experimental conditions.
A high-power high efficiency picosecond (ps) 355 nm ultraviolet (UV) laser was reported based on the nonlinear optical crystal of type-I phase-matching La2CaB10O19 (LCB) which possesses the characteristic of non-hygroscopicity. The high-power third harmonic generation was successfully achieved from a 1064 nm ps fundamental laser. The maximum output power of 7.81 W of 355 nm UV laser was obtained from 35.2 W 1064 nm ps laser (80 MHz repetition rate, 10 ps pulse width) with optical conversion efficiency of 22.2%. The experimental results show that the LCB crystal has a promising prospect in generating high-power high efficiency UV laser.