Based on USB3.0, this paper presents the design method of an integrated test system for both infrared image data and laser signal data processing module. The core of the design is FPGA logic control, the design uses dual-chip DDR3 SDRAM to achieve high-speed laser data cache, and receive parallel LVDS image data through serial-to-parallel conversion chip, and it achieves high-speed data communication between the system and host computer through the USB3.0 bus. The experimental results show that the developed PC software realizes the real-time display of 14-bit LVDS original image after 14-to-8 bit conversion and JPEG2000 compressed image after decompression in software, and can realize the real-time display of the acquired laser signal data. The correctness of the test system design is verified, indicating that the interface link is normal.
Moving targets detection is gaining popularity in civilian and military applications. On some monitoring platform of motion detection, some low-resolution stationary cameras are replaced by moving HD camera based on UAVs. The pixels of moving targets in the HD Video taken by UAV are always in a minority, and the background of the frame is usually moving because of the motion of UAVs. The high computational cost of the algorithm prevents running it at higher resolutions the pixels of frame. Hence, to solve the problem of moving targets detection based UAVs video, we propose a heterogeneous CPU-GPU moving target detection algorithm for UAV video. More specifically, we use background registration to eliminate the impact of the moving background and frame difference to detect small moving targets. In order to achieve the effect of real-time processing, we design the solution of heterogeneous CPU-GPU framework for our method. The experimental results show that our method can detect the main moving targets from the HD video taken by UAV, and the average process time is 52.16ms per frame which is fast enough to solve the problem.
In order to achieve real-time target tracking and locating for UAV, a reliable processing system is built on the embedded platform. Firstly, the video image is acquired in real time by the photovoltaic system on the UAV. When the target information is known, KCF tracking algorithm is adopted to track the target. Then, the servo is controlled to rotate with the target, when the target is in the center of the image, the laser ranging module is opened to obtain the distance between the UAV and the target. Finally, to combine with UAV flight parameters obtained by BeiDou navigation system, through the target location algorithm to calculate the geodetic coordinates of the target. The results show that the system is stable for real-time tracking of targets and positioning.