This paper presents a synchronous multipoint velocity profile measurement system, which acquires the vibration velocities as well as images of vibrating objects by combining optical heterodyne interferometry and a high-speed CMOS-DVR camera. The high-speed CMOS-DVR camera records a sequence of images of the vibrating object. Then, by extracting and processing multiple pixels at the same time, a digital demodulation technique is implemented to simultaneously acquire the vibrating velocity of the target from the recorded sequences of images. This method is validated with an experiment. A piezoelectric ceramic plate with standard vibration characteristics is used as the vibrating target, which is driven by a standard sinusoidal signal.
We propose a micro-vibration detection method by introducing heterodyne interferometry to time-averaged holography. This method compensates for the deficiency of time-average holography in quantitative measurements and widens its range of application effectively. Acousto-optic modulators are used to modulate the frequencies of the reference beam and the object beam. Accurate detection of the maximum amplitude of each point in the vibration plane is performed by altering the frequency difference of both beams. The range of amplitude detection of plane vibration is extended. In the stable vibration mode, the distribution of the maximum amplitude of each point is measured and the fitted curves are plotted. Hence the plane vibration mode of the object is demonstrated intuitively and detected quantitatively. We analyzed the method in theory and built an experimental system with a sine signal as the excitation source and a typical piezoelectric ceramic plate as the target. The experimental results indicate that, within a certain error range, the detected vibration mode agrees with the intrinsic vibration characteristics of the object, thus proving the validity of this method.