Portal hypertensive gastropathy (PHG) is common in gastrointestinal (GI) diseases, and a severe stage of PHG (S-PHG) is a source of gastrointestinal active bleeding. Generally, the diagnosis of PHG is made visually during endoscopic examination; compared with traditional endoscopy, (wireless capsule endoscopy) WCE with noninvasive and painless is chosen as a prevalent tool for visual observation of PHG. However, accurate measurement of WCE images with PHG is a difficult task due to faint contrast and confusing variations in background gastric mucosal tissue for physicians. Therefore, this paper proposes a comprehensive methodology to automatically detect S-PHG images in WCE video to help physicians accurately diagnose S-PHG. Firstly, a rough dominatecolor-tone extraction approach is proposed for better describing global color distribution information of gastric mucosa. Secondly, a hybrid two-layer texture acquisition model is designed by integrating co-occurrence matrix into local binary pattern to depict complex and unique gastric mucosal microstructure local variation. Finally, features of mucosal color and microstructure texture are merged into linear support vector machine to accomplish this automatic classification task. Experiments were implemented on an annotated data set including 1,050 SPHG and 1,370 normal images collected from 36 real patients of different nationalities, ages and genders. By comparison with three traditional texture extraction methods, our method, combined with experimental results, performs best in detection of S-PHG images in WCE video: the maximum of accuracy, sensitivity and specificity reach 0.90, 0.92 and 0.92 respectively.
Wireless capsule endoscopy (WCE) is a developed revolutionary technology with important clinical benefits. But the huge image data brings a heavy burden to the doctors for locating and diagnosing the lesion images. In this paper, a novel and efficient approach is proposed to help clinicians to detect protruding lesion images in small intestine. First, since there are many possible disturbances such as air bubbles and so on in WCE video frames, which add the difficulty of efficient feature extraction, the color-saliency region detection (CSD) method is developed for extracting the potentially saliency region of interest (SROI). Second, a novel color channels modelling of local binary pattern operator (CCLBP) is proposed to describe WCE images, which combines grayscale and color angle. The CCLBP feature is more robust to variation of illumination and more discriminative for classification. Moreover, support vector machine (SVM) classifier with CCLBP feature is utilized to detect protruding lesion images. Experimental results on real WCE images demonstrate that proposed method has higher accuracy on protruding lesion detection than some art-of-state methods.