A fast image edge enhancement method for moving objects is presented with a spiral phase filter using radial Hilbert transform theory. The spiral phase filter is placed in the Fourier plane of a 4f optical system, and used to process the spectral of objects image to achieve 2-D image edge enhancement of shape-free objects. All the directions of object edge can be enhanced similarly because there is a phase difference π along any diameter direction of the spiral phase filter. The results show that this method has good performance for enhancing the edge of moving objects. The advantages of this method are simple operations, clear edge images, high measurement speed and automatic measurement.