A fishing-line artificial muscle actuator is typically tested under a constant weight load. This paper reports a new hysteresis phenomenon discovered by changing both load weight and temperature applied to a fishing-line artificial muscle actuator. Obviously the equilibrium position of an actuator changes by load weight. Interestingly, the equilibrium position also largely changes when the actuator is firstly heated and cooled just after exchanging the load weight. In this paper we call this phenomenon as temperature-dependent hysteresis. We have observed that the magnitude of the temperature-dependent hysteresis in the experiment reached the same level as the thermal contraction and was not negligible.
This paper focuses on the torsional motion of a torsional type fishing-line artificial muscle actuator, so to speak, Twisted Polymer Fiber (TPF) actuator. TPFs are expected as limited rotation motors or limited angle motors for mechatronic applications. Aiming to construct a gray-box model for TPF actuators, this paper derives the first-order transfer function as the model from the applied electrical power to the generated torque of an actuator. The relation from the temperature to the generated torsional torque is simply assumed as a linear function of which coefficient is the torsional rigidity. In the experiment, the validity of the obtained model is evaluated, and then the blocked torque of the TPF actuator is controlled.