Targets of interest are different in various applications in which manmade targets, such as aircraft, ships, and buildings, are given more attention. Manmade target extraction methods using synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images are designed in response to various demands, which include civil uses, business purposes, and military industries. This plays an increasingly vital role in monitoring, military reconnaissance, and precision strikes. Achieving accurate and complete results through traditional methods is becoming more challenging because of the scattered complexity of polarization in polarimetric synthetic aperture radar (PolSAR) image. A multistage decision-based method is proposed composed of power decision, dominant scattering mechanism decision, and reflection symmetry decision. In addition, the theories of polarimetric contrast enhancement, generalized Y decomposition, and maximum eigenvalue ratio are applied to assist the decision. Fully PolSAR data are adopted to evaluate and verify the approach. Experimental results show that the method can achieve an effective result with a lower false alarm rate and clear contours. Finally, on this basis, a universal framework of change detection for manmade targets is presented as an application of our method. Two sets of measured data are also used to evaluate and verify the effectiveness of the change-detection algorithm.
Images taken under underwater condition usually have color cast and serious loss of contrast and visibility. Degraded underwater images are inconvenient for observation and analysis. In order to address these problems, an underwater image-enhancement method is proposed. A simple yet effective underwater image color cast removal algorithm is first presented based on the optimization theory. Then, based on the minimum information loss principle and inherent relationship of medium transmission maps of three color channels in an underwater image, an effective visibility restoration algorithm is proposed to recover visibility, contrast, and natural appearance of degraded underwater images. To evaluate the performance of the proposed method, qualitative comparison, quantitative comparison, and color accuracy test are conducted. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed method can effectively remove color cast, improve contrast and visibility, and recover natural appearance of degraded underwater images. Additionally, the proposed method is comparable to and even better than several state-of-the-art methods.
Poor visibility due to the effects of light absorption and scattering is challenging for processing underwater images. We propose an approach based on dehazing and color correction algorithms for underwater image enhancement. First, a simple dehazing algorithm is applied to remove the effects of haze in the underwater image. Second, color compensation, histogram equalization, saturation, and intensity stretching are used to improve contrast, brightness, color, and visibility of the underwater image. Furthermore, bilateral filtering is utilized to address the problem of the noise caused by the physical properties of the medium and the histogram equalization algorithm. In order to evaluate the performance of the proposed approach, we compared our results with six existing methods using the subjective technique, objective technique, and color cast tests. The results show that the proposed approach outperforms the six existing methods. The enhanced images, as a result of implementing the proposed approach, are characterized by relatively genuine color, increased contrast and brightness, reduced noise level, and better visibility.