The technology of aircraft recognition and tracking has various applications in all areas of air navigation, be they civil or
military, spanning from air traffic control and regulation at civilian airports to anti-aircraft weapon handling and
guidance for military purposes.1, 18 The system presented in this thesis is an alternative implementation of identifying and
tracking flying objects, which benefits from the optical spectrum by using an optical camera built into a servo motor
(pan-tilt unit). More specifically, through the purpose-developed software, when a target (aircraft) enters the field of
view of the camera18, it is both detected and identified.5, 22 Then the servo motor, being provided with data on target
position and velocity, tracks the aircraft while it is in constant communication with the camera (Fig. 1). All the features
are so designed as to operate under real time conditions.